The Supreme GiftPaulo Coelho
Translated from Paulo Coelho's Portuguese original
by Margaret Jull Costa
Original Title: The Greatest Thing in the World (Henry Dummond, 1851-1897), freely adapted by ©Paulo Coelho, 1991
Translated from Paulo Coelho's Portuguese original by Margaret Jull Costa, 2013.
Published by: Sant Jordi Asociados, Agencia Literaria S.L.U.
Cover design: Mireia Barreras, 2013.
Cover image: Stock.xchng Thiago Ariano.
Layout design: Mercè Roig, 2013.
All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers.
Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. You gave me no kiss, but from the time I came in she has not ceased to kiss my feet. You did not anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with ointment. Therefore I tell you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven—for she loved much. But he who is forgiven little, loves little.
Luke 7: 44-47
Towards the end of the nineteenth century, on a chilly spring afternoon, a group of men and women from different parts of England met together to listen to the most famous preacher of the day, eager to hear what he had to say.
However, having spent eight months travelling in various countries of the world, engaged in the exhausting work of evangelisation, the preacher felt completely drained and empty. He looked at the small audience, attempted a few phrases, then gave up. The Spirit of God had not touched him that afternoon.
Feeling sad and not knowing quite what to do, he turned to another missionary who was among those present. The young man had recently returned from Africa and might have something interesting to say, and so the preacher asked him to speak in his place.
The people who had gathered in that garden in Kent felt slightly disappointed.
No one knew who this young missionary was. In fact, he wasn’t even really a missionary. He had decided not to be ordained as a minister because he had doubts that this was his true vocation.
In search of a reason to live and in search of himself, he had spent two years in deepest Africa, inspired by the example of other people in pursuit of an ideal.
The audience in that garden in Kent were not at all pleased with this change of speaker. They had gone there in order to hear a wise, famous, experienced preacher, and now they were going to have to listen to a young man who, like them, was still struggling to find himself.
However, Henry Drummond – for that was the missionary’s name – had learned something.
He asked someone to lend him a Bible and then he read out a passage from St Paul’s Letter to the Corinthians:
If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. If I give away all I have, and if I deliver up my body to be burned, but have not love, I gain nothing.
Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.
Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. For we know in part and we prophesy in part, but when the perfect comes, the partial will pass away. When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I gave up childish ways. For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I have been fully known.
So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love.
Everyone listened in respectful silence, but they still felt disappointed. Most of them knew the passage well and had already meditated upon it long and hard.
The young man might at least have chosen something more original, more exciting.
When he finished reading, Henry closed the Bible, looked up at the sky and began to speak.
* * *
All of us, at some point, have asked the same question that every generation asks:
What is the most important thing in life?
We want to use our days well, because no one else can live our lives for us. So we need to know where we should focus our efforts, what our supreme goal in life should be?
We are used to being told that the greatest treasure in the spiritual world is Faith. Many centuries of religion rest on that one simple word.
Do we consider Faith to be the most important thing in the world? If so, we are quite wrong.
If we do, at some point, believe that, then we might as well stop believing.
The passage I have just read out takes us back to the early days of Christianity. And as we heard: ‘So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love.’
This is no superficial judgement on the part of Paul, who wrote these words. After all, a moment before, he was speaking about Faith. He said: ‘If I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.’
Paul does not avoid the subject, on the contrary, he compares Faith and Love and concludes:
‘…and the greatest of these is Love.’
It must have been very hard for him to say that; after all, we usually commend to others what we consider to be our own strongest point, and love was not Paul’s strong point. Any observant student will have noticed that, as he grew older, Paul became more tolerant, more tender-hearted. However, the hand that wrote ‘the greatest of these is Love’ had often been stained with blood in its youth.
Besides, this Letter to the Corinthians is not the only document to state that Love is the summum bonum, the highest or supreme good. All the major works in Christianity agree on that point.
Peter says: ‘Above all, hold unfailing your love for one another, since love covers a multitude of sins.’
John goes still further: ‘God is Love.’
In another text of Paul’s, we read: ‘Love is the fulfilling of the Law.’
Why did Paul say that? At the time, people thought that the way to reach Paradise was by keeping the Ten Commandments, as well as the hundreds of other commandments based on the Tablets of the Law. Fulfilling the law was everything. It was more important than life itself.
Then Christ said: ‘I will show you a simpler way. If you do one thing, you will do these hundred and ten things, without ever thinking about them. If you love, you will unconsciously fulfill the whole law.’
We can judge for ourselves if this advice works.
Take any one of the commandments:
‘Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.’
That is Love.
‘Take not His name in vain.’
Would we dare to speak lightly of someone we love?
‘Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy.’
Do we not wait longingly for the day when we will meet our beloved in order to devote ourselves to Love? It will be the same if we love God.
Love requires us to obey all of God’s laws.
When someone loves, there is no need to tell him that he must honour his father
and his mother or that he must not kill. It would be offensive to tell anyone who loves his fellow man and woman that he must not steal – how could he steal from those he loves? And why urge him not to bear false witness? He would never do such a thing, just as he would be utterly incapable of coveting his neighbour’s wife.
* * *
Love, then, is ‘the fulfilling of the Law’.
Love is the rule that contains all the other rules.
Love is the commandment that justifies all the other commandments.
Love is the secret of life.
Paul learned this and, in the letter I read from just now, he gave us the best and most important description of the summum bonum – the highest good.
Paul begins by comparing Love with other qualities that were greatly valued at the time.
He compares it with eloquence; a noble gift capable of touching people’s hearts and minds and encouraging them to carry out important sacred tasks or deeds that go above and beyond the call of duty.
Paul says of great preachers: If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels but have not love, I am become a noisy gong, or a clanging cymbal.
And we all know why. We often hear what seem to be great ideas capable of transforming the world. But they are mere words devoid of emotion, empty of Love, which is why they do not touch us, however logical and intelligent they may seem.
Paul compares Love with Prophecy. He compares it with Mysteries. He compares it with Faith. He compares it with Charity.
Why is Love greater than Faith?
Because Faith is merely a path that leads us to the Greater Love.
Why is Love greater than Charity?
Because Charity is merely one of the ways in which Love manifests itself. And the whole is always greater than its individual parts. Charity is also merely a path, one of the many paths that Love uses to bring us closer to our fellow man.
And, as we all know, there is also a kind of Charity in which Love plays no part. It’s so easy to toss a coin to a poor man in the street; in fact it’s usually easier to do that than not.
It frees us from the guilty feelings aroused by the cruel spectacle of poverty.
What a relief, and purchased with just one coin! It’s cheap for us and solves the beggar’s problem.
However, if we really loved that poor man, we would do far more for him.
Or perhaps less. We would not toss him a coin and, who knows, our guilty feelings might arouse real Love in us.
Paul then compares Love with sacrifice and martyrdom. And I say to those who hope one day to work for the good of humanity: If I deliver up my body to be burned, but have not love, I gain nothing. Nothing!
You cannot give anything more important than the Love reflected in your own life. That is the one true universal language, which allows us to speak Chinese or the dialects of India. For if, one day, you go to those places, the silent eloquence of Love will mean that you will be understood by everyone.
A man’s message of Faith lies in the way he lives his life and not in the words he says.
Not long ago, I was in the heart of Africa, near the Great Lakes. There I met men and women who remembered with affection the one white man they had encountered: David Livingstone. And while I followed his footsteps through the Dark Continent, people’s faces lit up as they told me about the doctor who had passed through there some three years before. They could not understand what Livingstone said to them, but they felt the Love that was there in his heart.
Take that same Love with you and the work you do will be fully justified.
When you speak about God and the world of the spirit, there can be no more eloquent subject. There is no point in talking about miracles, witnesses of Faith, fine prayers. If you do all that but have not Love, all your efforts will be in vain.
You may accomplish everything you set out to accomplish and be prepared to make any sacrifice, but if you give your body to be burned and have not Love, you will have achieved nothing for yourself or for God’s cause.
After comparing Love with all those things, Paul – in three short verses – gives an amazing analysis of that Greatest of Gifts.
He tells us that Love is made up of many things.
Like light. We learn at school that if we pick up a prism and allow a ray of light to pass through it, that ray will divide up into seven colours.
The colours of the rainbow.
Then Paul takes Love and allows it to pass through the prism of his intellect, dividing it up into its various elements.
He shows us the rainbow of Love, just as a prism reveals to us the rainbow colours of light.
And what are those elements? They are virtues we hear about every day and that we can practise at every moment in our lives.
It is these small things, these simple virtues, that make up the Supreme Gift of Love.
Love is made up of nine ingredients:
Patience: Love is patient…
Kindness: …and kind.
Generosity: Love does not envy…
Humility: …or boast; it is not arrogant...
Courtesy: …or rude.
Unselfishness: It does not insist on its own way.
Good temper: It is not irritable… or resentful.
Guilelessness: or resentful.
Sincerity: It does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth.
Patience. Kindness. Generosity. Humility. Courtesy. Unselfishness. Good temper. Guilelessness. Sincerity. All these things make up the Supreme Gift, and are there in the soul of whoever wishes to be in the world and close to God.
All these gifts are to do with us, with our daily lives, with today and tomorrow, not with eternity.
We hear a lot about loving God.
But Christ talks to us about loving our fellow man.
We seek peace in Heaven.
Christ seeks peace on Earth.
Our human search for the answer to our main question - What should I do with my life? - is not some strange thing imposed on us from outside.
It is to be found in all civilisations, because it was born along with mankind and is evidence of the breath of the Eternal Spirit in the world.
The Supreme Gift reflects that breath. It is not just a Gift in itself, but the words and acts that make up the sum of every ordinary day.
* * *
Love is patience.
That is how Love normally behaves: it waits calmly, unhurriedly, knowing that at some point, it will show itself.
Love is ready to do its work at the right moment, but it waits calmly and meekly.
Love is patient. It can bear all things.
It believes all things.
It hopes for all things.
Because Love understands.
* * *
Kindness. Active love.
Have you ever noticed how much of Christ’s time in the world was spent doing kind deeds, how large a part of his short time on Earth was spent merely making other people happy.
If you view his life in that way, you will notice that although Christ had much to do, he never forgot to be kind to his fellow man.
There is only one thing greater than happiness, and that is holiness. That may not be within our grasp, but making other people happy is. God gave us that ability and it costs us almost nothing. When you think about it, you will see that it costs us absolutely nothing.
So why are we so reluctant to make our fellow man happy? Happiness does not breed in captivity nor does it diminish when it is given away. On the contrary, merely by sowing happiness, we increase our quota. Someone once said: ‘The greatest thing a man can do for his Heavenly Father is to be kind to some of His other children.’
The world really needs that!
And it’s so easy to be kind. The effect is immediate and you will be remembered for ever.
And the reward is abundant, for no debt is more honoured than the debt of Love. ‘Love never ends.’
* * *
Love is the true energ
y of life. As Browning says:
For life, with all it yields of joy and woe.
And hope and fear — …
Is just our chance o’ the prize of learning love,
How love might be, hath been indeed, and is…
* * *
Where Love is, so are we, and so is God.
Anyone who takes joy in Love, takes joy in their existence as a human being, takes joy in God.
God is Love. Therefore LOVE!
Without distinction, without calculation, without procrastination, without fear that you might suffer: LOVE!
Lavish your Love on the poor, which is easy, and on the rich, who distrust everyone and cannot recognise the Love they need so much; and on your equals, which is very difficult. It is with our equals that we are at our most selfish. We often try to please, but what we need to do is to give pleasure.
Give pleasure. Never miss an opportunity to give pleasure, because you will be the first to benefit from that – even if no one knows what you are doing. The world around you will become more contented and things will be easier for you. As Stephen Grellet wrote: ‘I shall pass through this world but once. Any good therefore that I can do or any kindness that I can show to any human being, let me do it now. Let me not defer or neglect it, for I shall not pass this way again.’
* * *
Generosity: ‘Love does not envy.’ Envy means love in competition with the Love of others.
Let others love. And try to love still more.
Do your part, do your best.
Whenever you want to do a good deed, you will find other people doing the same thing, sometimes much better than you. Do not envy them.